Map of Morocco
Morocco, characterized by its expansive geography featuring a lengthy coastline, elevated mountain ranges in the interior, a segment of the Sahara Desert, and valleys graced by seasonal rivers, invites exploration. As you consider venturing into this captivating country, having a visual guide becomes essential. Hence, we present to you the Map of Morocco, offering an at a glance understanding of its diverse topography. This map not only pinpoints the key towns and cities of tourist interest but is complemented by a political map, unraveling the administrative divisions that shape the nation’s territory.
This is the Map of Morocco , with its territorial organization
As a foundational reference, we present a political map of Morocco delineating its administrative divisions. The country territorial organization consists of 12 regions, further subdivided into provinces. Notably, each region operates with a limited degree of autonomy, fostering a cultural and social cohesion across the nation. The list of these regions, along with their respective capitals, is as follows:
- Tangier Tetouan Al Hoceima. Capital: Tangier
- Oriental. Capital: Oujda
- Fes Meknes. Capital: Fes
- Rabat Salé Kenitra. Capital: Rabat
- Beni Mellal khenifra. Capital: Beni Mellal
- Casablanca Settat. Capital: Casablanca
- Marrakech Safi. Capital: Marrakech
- Draa Tafilalet. Capital: Errachidia
- Sus Mass. Capital: Agadir
- Guelmim Noun River. Capital: Guelmim
- Laayoune Saguía el Hamra. Capital: Laayoune
- Dakhla Río de Oro. Capital: Dakhla.
Beyond the administrative significance of these capitals, it is intriguing to delve into the demographic landscape. The ten most populated cities in Morocco, according to data from the 2014 census, unveil the nation’s major demographic hubs:
- Casablanca: 3.3 million
- Fes: 1.1 million
- Tangier: 940,000
- Marrakech: 928,000
- Meknes: 632,000
- Sale: 890,000
- Rabat: 570,000
- Kenitra: 572,000
- Tetouan: 463,000
- Beni Mellal: 447,000
It’s worth noting that these figures, extracted from the 2014 census, likely represent an underestimation of the current population due to subsequent growth.
Furthermore, certain maps of Morocco may depict the regions of Western Sahara (El Aaiún-Saguía el Hamra and Dakhla Río de Oro) differently or omit them. This discrepancy arises from the area’s lack of official recognition by the United Nations, notwithstanding the ‘de facto’ control exercised by the Moroccan government.
This is the map of Morocco with all the towns and cities of interest
While the preceding map serves as an educational tool in Moroccan schools, from a tourist perspective, an alternative map focusing on cities and tourist destinations becomes more appealing. This map transcends provincial boundaries, emphasizing proximity, connectivity, and thematic homogeneity in the organization of tailor-made trips. Our website categorizes destinations into:
- Northern Morocco and Mediterranean
- Atlantic Coast
- Imperial Cities
- Sahara Desert
Let’s delve into each of these groupings to better comprehend the unique characteristics defining their geographical limits.
Northern Morocco and Mediterranean
Encompassing the region of Tangier-Tetouan-Al Hoceima and the north of Oriental on the map, this area extends from the Atlantic coast in the west to the border with Algeria in the east. Incorporating the Rif mountains and Mediterranean cities, its proximity to Europe makes it a highly visited region. Notable destinations include:
- Tangier: A strategically located city at the Strait of Gibraltar, serving as the northern gateway.
- Tetouan: A former capital of the Spanish Protectorate, now a World Heritage Site.
- Chefchaouen: Known as the blue town of Morocco due to the distinctive color of its Medina streets.
- Asilah: A picturesque Atlantic destination with a maritime fortress and bohemian atmosphere.
- Al Hoceima: A holiday destination with charming Mediterranean bathing areas near a National Park.
- Saidia: Symbolic of the tourism sector’s development on the eastern coast.
The Atlantic coast
As evident on the Morocco map, we position a section of the Atlantic coast in the North and the Mediterranean, facilitated by their proximity and land connections. Yet, as you move southward from Casablanca, an expansive coastline unfolds, adorned with cities and towns of significant interest.
- Casablanca: The most populous and modern city, renowned for the Hassan II mosque.
- Essaouira: A former Portuguese enclave with a beautiful fortress and a World Heritage Site Medina.
- El Jadida: A city preserving Portuguese monuments and declared a World Heritage Site.
- Agadir: An icon of year-round sun and beach tourism with upscale resorts.
- Taghazout: A booming destination popular among water sports enthusiasts, especially surfers.
- Other destinations: Oualidia, Safi, and Azemmour.
Rabat, although geographically part of this area, is grouped within the Imperial Cities due to its historical affinity.
Spread across the map, the Imperial Cities Fes, Meknes, Marrakesh, and Rabat hold historical significance as former capitals of empires and sultanates. Connected by roads and transportation means, these cities share a monumental past and are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- Fes: Capital during the Idrisid, Merinid, and Wattasid dynasties.
- Meknes: Briefly the capital with the Alawite dynasty.
- Marrakech: Capital during the Almoravid and Almohad empires, as well as the Saadian dynasty.
- Rabat: Capital with the Alawite dynasty, including the French Protectorate era.
The Sahara Desert of Merzouga
Pre Saharan area: Featuring valleys formed by rivers originating on the southern slope of the Atlas, this region boasts small towns of immense interest. Ait Ben Haddou, Tinghir, Agdz, and Kelaa m’Gouna are notable examples, along with natural wonders like the Fint Oasis, Dades Gorges, and Todra Gorges.
Sahara Desert itself: Encompassing arid landscapes, including hammada (stony pebble desert) and dunes (ergs), this area hosts towns like Erfoud, Rissani, Merzouga, Zagora, & Ouzina.
The Atlas Mountains
A haven for nature enthusiasts, the Atlas Mountains divide Morocco into two regions, presenting three distinct ranges:
- Middle Atlas: A wetter sector featuring ski resorts, national parks filled with cedars, and mountain towns reminiscent of the Alps. Azrou and Ifrane are noteworthy destinations.
- High Atlas: Home to the country’s highest peaks, this range houses towns where time seems to stand still. Its proximity to Marrakech and its role as a natural passage to the desert contribute to its appeal. Valleys like Asni and Imlil are significant.
- Anti-Atlas: Positioned as the lowest, arid, and southern range, it may lack renowned tourist destinations but holds its allure for those seeking a different kind of attraction.
In conclusion, Morocco diverse landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and historical significance unfold like a tapestry on the map. Whether navigating the vibrant cities, relaxing on the Atlantic coast, exploring the imperial grandeur, traversing the Sahara’s vastness, or embracing nature in the Atlas, each region contributes to the country’s multifaceted allure.
Getting Around Morocco
iscover the essence of Morocco with Best Morocco Travel unique itineraries. Our Eclectic Tour offers a comprehensive overview of the country’s cultural and scenic highlights. Immerse yourself in the most inspiring locations with our Imperial Cities Tour, exploring museums, UNESCO sights, and more. For an unforgettable adventure, join our various trips to the Sahara Desert. Experience the real Morocco through thoughtfully curated journeys that capture the rich tapestry of this extraordinary land.